un sito a cura d i Enrico Baccarini

La Cronologia del Santo Cáliz


 
 

 

64-67 (?)

San Pietro muore a Roma vittima delle persecuzioni anticristiane di Nerone.

250 The Santo Caliz is present in Rome. During the first times of Christianity the only person able to celebrate public Mass in Rome was the Pope. All the Popes at that time used this chalice as the true Chalice of Our Lord. They were celebrating Mass with this Chalice, saying the words: "Accipiens et HUNC PRAECLARUM CALICEM in sanctas ac venerabiles manus suas...". Nobody knows who moved the Holy Grail from Jerusalem to Rome, probably St Peter or perhaps St Mark did (Eus. He, III, 39, 16; Iren. Haer. III, 1, 1, etc). It could have been moved to Rome when the Jerusalem Church preponderance was over after the first Hebrew war.
258 Sistus II (St Sistus), 24th Pope of Roman Catholic Church,  two days before his martyrdom,  grants the Holy Grail to his deacon, the Spanish Laurence (St Laurence), with the mission to put it in a safe place. Laurence orders two Spanish soldiers to carry the Grail to his parents home at Huesca (Aragon - Spain). There was a painting  in  St Laurence's Basilica (Rome) where was recorded the fact with this saint giving the Grail to a Spanish soldier (Fresco San Lorenzo fuori le mura, which  exists in a rather poor photo ). With the Holy Grail, Laurence sent a letter --the definitive evidence !-- that today is lost, but it was testified by King Martin of Aragon (Parchment # 136 Martin's colect.--see below).  Pope S. Sistus II and deacon S. Laurence were dramatically murdered by Valerianus' men.
553 The Cathedral of Huesca is built and the Holy Grail is placed inside it. The Santo Caliz have been kept at the Laurence's parents home, a farmhouse on the outskirts of Huesca, for almost three centuries.

712

The beginning of Moorish invasion of Spain. There existed the legend that the Moors were searching the Holy Grail, so the Cathedral of Huesca turned into a no safe place. The Grail was moved towards Southern Pyrenees, passing throughout several chapels, churchs and monasteries: Yebra, S. Pedro de Siresa, S. Pedro el Viejo,  S. Adrian de Sasabe, S. Pedro de Jaca,..., and other secret places.
777 Charlemagne's army cross the Pyrenees in an expedition by the zone, a theory claims that Charlemagne introduced the 'Grail-mania' in Europe after to be listening rumors about the Santo Caliz in this region.
830 The Holy Grail looks be in the monastery S. Pedro de Siresa (Valle de Hecho - Huesca) because the Kings and Counts of Aragon and Navarra are making considerable contributions to "el culto a las santas reliquias" (the worship to the sacred relics). The name of Holy Grail was explicitly omitted.
1071 In this year probably the Holy Grail arrives at San Juan de la Peña.
1134 The Holy Grail is in San Juan de la Peña according to the first explicit written reference. In a document by D. Carreras Ramirez, Canon of Zaragoza, which date is 14th December 1134 says: "En un arca de marfil está el Cáliz en que Cristo N. Señor consagró su sangre, el cual envió S. Laurenzo a su patria, Huesca". ("Vida de S. Laurenzo, t. I, p. 109).
1190 Christien de Troyes writes "Li Contes del Graal" (aka "Perseval"), a tale with 9324 verses where the 'Saint Graal' appears:
<<Quant ele fu laiens entree/Atot le graal qu'ele tint/Une si grans clartez i vint/Qu'ausi perdirent les chandoiles/Lor clarté come les estoiles/Font quant solaus lieve ou la lune/>>
1209 Wolfram von Eschembach writes "Parzival" a tale which story line is basing on Spanish traditions, mentioning towns such as Zazamanca (Salamanca ?) and Araguz (Zaragoza ?). Later this tale inspired Richard Wagner to write the opera "Parsifal".
1322 Abulfat Mahomet, sultan of Egypt, claims have acquired from Jerusalem the cup used by Jesus Chist at the Last Supper, then D. Jaime II, king of Valencia and Aragon, buys the sultan this chalice and places it in Palace 'Alfajeria' of Zaragoza. According to the J.A.Oñate's hypothesis this cup is converted into the Santo Caliz foot by king Martin 'el Humano' (see the next section.)
1399 D. Martin 'el Humano',  King of Aragon (also king of Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica and Sicily), backed by the antipope Benedictus XIII, forces the Abbot of S. Juan de la Peña to hand the Holy Grail over him. A notarial deed records the act: "Cáliz de piedra en el cual Ntro. Sr. Jesucristo consagró su preciosa sangre". ("Stone Chalice where Our Lord JesusChrist consecrated his precious blood".) The Holy Grail was deposited on the Real Palace 'Aljaferia' in Zaragoza. Later it was transfered to king Martin's residence in Barcelona (see document)
1410 King Martin dies. The Holy Grail is amongst his belongings.
1416 King D. Alfonso V of Aragon(II of Valencia, also King of Majorca, Napoles and Sicily ) sends the Holy Grail toValencia. It is deposited on the Palacio Real (this palace was demolished in 1810).
1437 D. Juan, king of Navarre, Alfonso's brother and right-hand, is requesting funds to support the conquest of Napoles, then he, in the name of his brother, must place in deposit the Holy Grail in the Saint Cathedral of Valencia. Years later, king Alfonso V and other kings of Aragon were trying rescue it but they weren't able to raise enough amount. Finally the Cathedral of Valencia gave Aragon kingdom 40,000 'gold ducates' for be the perpetual custody of this Holy relic.
1585 The procession of Santo Caliz is established  by S. Juan de Ribera.
1608 D. Honorato Figuerola, Canon of Valencia, dies donating a part of his inheritance to establish an annual celebration to Santo Caliz. The Holy Grail day is on 14th September.
1744 During the Holy Week services, when the Archpriest D. Vicente Frigola is taking the Santo Caliz, it slips out his hands and falls over. The stone chalice breaks into two fragmets. All people being present at the Cathedral were stunned, even D. Vicente dies a few days later due to the great distress. The repair was carried out by the great jeweler D. Luis Vicent doing such a magnificient job that now the fracture is no noticeable except two small fissures at the border.
1809 Spain starts the Independence war against the French troops of Napoleon. The Grail is moved to Alicante, Majorca and Ibiza.
1813 The Independence war ends and the Santo Caliz returns to Valencia's Cathedral.
1882 Richard Wagner writes the opera 'Parsifal' locating the Grail 'castle' at southern Pyrenees.
1916 It's built the 'Capilla del Santo Caliz', inside the Cathedral. The Holy Grail is placed there, the exact place where is today.
1918 The Archbishop, D. Salvador Barrera, approves the statute of the "Real Hermandad del Santo Cáliz".
1936 It's the beggining of the Spanish civil war. Doña María Sabina Suey, with the Providence's help, achieves to put the Grail in a safe place against the satanic attempts of the 'Rojos' (Marxists) to take it.
1939 The civil war ends. The 'Santo Caliz' returns to the devastated Cathedral of Valencia. While the Cathedral is being repaired the Grail stays in 'La Lonja'.
1940 Hitler, that is interested in the Holy Grail lore, sends his right-hand Himmler to monastery of Monserrat (Catalunya - Spain) where they were thinking the Grail was, to take it, fortunately they didn't know it had just been placed at the Cathedral of Valencia.
1951 D. Marcelino Olaechea creates the "Cofradia del Santo Cáliz" the articles of this Brotherhood are deposited in the Vatican.
1953 Siegfrid Wagner, Richard Wagner's son, was interviewed for "Heraldo de Aragon" newspaper (30th April), he thinks that his father Richard wasn't considering 'Monsalvat' as being a specific and exact geographical location.
1959 Venerable Pope John XXIII sings the document  awarding indulgence to pilgrims that are going to Valencia Cathedral to pray to Santo Caliz. Vatican Reg.#2164/59.
1959 17th Centenary of Holy Grail arrival at Spain. A delegation carrying the Santo Caliz starts a procesion along its old hosting places.
1960 D. Antonio Beltran, head of departament of Archaeology of Universidad de Zaragoza, in collaboration with other European colleagues, does an exhaustive study of the Santo Caliz. The conclusion maintains that "There is no evidence against the possibility this Chalice would have been used by Jesus Christ at the Last Supper".
1979 The last restoration of 'Capilla del Santo Caliz',  the Holy Grail home.
1982 H.H. Pope John Paul II visits Valencia. In the Cathedral he kiss twice the Santo Caliz. He utilizes this Chalice in the Mass, though in a late change of plan the Pope celebrates the Mass following the modern canon, so the words "Accipiens et hunc praeclarum Calicem..." of the old Roman canon weren't said. That moment had been eagerly awaited by many Santo Caliz devouts.
1994 The Holy Grail makes a new pilgrimage to Jaca and San Juan de la Peña.
1996 Members of  'Cofradia del Santo Caliz' go on pilgrimage to Basilica S. Lorenzo in Rome to thank the sending of the Holy Grail to Spain.
2006 H. H. Pope Benedictus XVI, God willing, is going to visit Valencia. Will he celebrate Mass with the Holy Grail ?. Will he say the words "hunc praeclarum Calicem...".
 

 


 


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